Careers in Agriculture make up one of the largest industries and sources of long-term employment in the country, providing jobs for millions.These careers supply us with a multitude of food products and alternative energies, among many other important resources for sustaining our country and contribution to the world economy. Many of the careers in the Agriculture industry are considered “Green Careers,” meaning that the careers are involved in preserving or protecting our environmental resources.
Those opportunities are in field of
1. Banking Sector
2. Seed Companies
3. Career Opportunities in Agro – Industry Sector
4. Agricultural Engineering
5. Agricultural Management
6. Services Sector
Bachelor of Science or B.Sc. in Agriculture is an undergraduate degree awarded by Indian Universities for 10+2 pass students. The course duration is four years. Like, BE/B. Tech, or MBBS, B.Sc. (Ag.) is considered as a ‘professional’ degree by Government of India. The course is not so popular among students but the demand of trained professionals in Agriculture is very high. Agriculture is a source of employment for over 50% of the population. The sector contributes around 13.9% to the GDP.
B.Sc. Agriculture graduates can find jobs in both public and private sectors. The Gazetted post of Government of India like Agricultural Officer (Agronomist) is one of the most prestigious jobs in public sector after B.Sc. Agriculture. Some private sector MNCs like ITC, Monsanto and Cargill, are beginning to establish their presence in commercial farming as well as small farmer-led production initiatives. So they are on the lookout for young executives to handle extension services.
There are 42 State Agricultural Universities (SAUs), 1 Central Agricultural University (CAU), 5 Deemed Universities (DUs) and 4 general Central Universities with Agriculture faculty in India. These institutions provide admission at UG level in 11 disciplines and about 15,000 students get enrolled every year. There are large numbers of private colleges and general universities too which admit large number of students in B.Sc. Agriculture course.
B.Sc. Agriculture involves study of agriculture sciences and use of modern scientific equipment and techniques in agriculture, land surveying, soil science, water resource management, animal and poultry management, basics of biotechnology etc. The objective of the course is to use these concepts to train students to improve agricultural productivity.
Agricultural education is a broad term which includes disciplines of Agriculture (Agronomy), Veterinary Science, Forestry, Fisheries, Horticulture, Home Science etc.
The B.Sc. (Ag.) degree in India is typically a 4-year course under credit based semester system. The program also includes a compulsory 1 semester of internship (Rural Agricultural Work Experience). Most of the courses are infused with practical with emphasis on ‘hands on experience and learning by doing’.
ELIGIBILITY OF THE BACHELOR OF SCIENCE [B.SC] (AGRICULTURE)
The minimum qualification for entry to B.Sc. (Ag.) is Intermediate (12 years of school education) in Science (with Physics, Chemistry, Biology and/or Mathematics) or Intermediate in Agriculture stream (limited states). Depending on the university, the eligibility varies in terms of a combination of subjects. Eligibility criterion also varies for reserved categories as per the reservation guidelines of GOI.
HOW TO GET ADMISSION IN BACHELOR OF SCIENCE [B.SC] (AGRICULTURE)
Admission in universities or institutes offering BSc Ag is done basically in two modes. Either on the basis of the marks obtained in the qualifying examination (Direct Admission) or written exam conducted by the university/institution that offers the degree.
The details on how to apply for B.Sc. degree in Agriculture can be collected from the authorized website of the institution. The information about course details and available number of seats can also be collected from here. The application forms can be obtained either through the college office or from the concerned web portal.
Entrance exams for B.Sc. Agriculture-
- ICAR Entrance Exam (ICAR-AIEEA)-It is an agriculture entrance exam conducted by Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) for admission to 15% seats in Agriculture Universities in Bachelor Degree programs and 100% seats in ICAR Deemed to be Universities and NDRI, Karnal
- EAMCET- Conducted for admissions in Agriculture colleges and universities in Andhra Pradesh
- PAU Entrance Exam- Conducted by Punjab Agricultural University
- KEAM- Conducted for agricultural colleges in Kerala
- IGKV CET- Conducted by Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya
Direct Admission in B.Sc. Agriculture-
Some colleges offer B.Sc. Agriculture admission simply on the basis of marks obtained in qualifying exam. Direct admissions in B.Sc. Agriculture are solely based on merit prepared by university/institute offering course.
BSc in Agriculture is considered a professional degree. The graduates from this degree can find jobs in both public and private sectors. India is a leading agricultural country. There is so much scope in agricultural sector in India. Agriculture plays a crucial role in the Indian economy. Almost 60 percent of the Indian workforce is involved in agriculture
The importance of agriculture is growing rapidly and thereby is increasing the job prospects in the field of agriculture. Today Graduates with B.Sc. in Agriculture (Honors) are readily accepted in the government projects.
Following are the career options for B.Sc. Agriculture graduates-
Following sectors provide career opportunities for B.Sc. graduates.-
- Agricultural departments,
- Extension services,
- Research organizations,
- Commercial farming etc.
Following are some government sectors which have job opportunities for the B.Sc. Agriculture graduates-
- Indian Agricultural Research Institute
- National Seeds Corporation Limited
- North Eastern Region Agricultural Marketing Corporation
- State Farms Corporation of India
- Food Corporation of India
- National Dairy Development Board
- NABARD and other banks
- Agricultural finance corporations
- Indian Council of Agricultural Research
- Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
Following are the private sectors which offer jobs to agriculture graduates-
- Agro industries
- Agriculture Marketing
- Financial sector with focus on agriculture,
- Micro-finance institutions,
- Fertilizer companies,
- Agri-biotech organizations
Following are some job profiles that are offered to B.Sc. Agriculture graduates-
- Agriculture officer
- Assistant Plantation Manager
- Agricultural Research Scientist
- Agriculture Development Officers
- Agriculture Technician
- Business Development Executive
- Marketing Executive
- Rice Breeder
- Seed Technologist
- Junior Agriculture Specialist
- Junior Associate – Research
Top Companies offering jobs for B.Sc. Agriculture
Following are some of the best agro based products’ companies that offer jobs to B.Sc. Agriculture graduates-
- DuPont India
- Rallies India Limited
- Advanta Limited
- National Agro Industries
- Raasi Seeds
- ABT Industries
- Phalada Agro Research Foundation Limited.
Average salary offered to a B.Sc. agriculture graduate depends on area or industry he is working for. Following are some salary breakdown based on multiple factors like- industry wise, profile wise etc.
Profile wise salary distribution
Following chart shows annual package offered to B.Sc. Agriculture graduates depending on their job profiles.
Following is the gender distribution in the course. It is found that fewer girls are interested in the course as it requires some field work and students opting for it should be physically strong. Following is the gender wise distribution of salary-